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Internet of Things Development Status and Analysis

Author: Date:6/25/2019 8:04:11 PM
    With the rapid development of the world economy, technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, and intelligent manufacturing continue to mature, and the Internet of Things is gradually coming to an end. According to statistics, at present, the number of domestic Internet of Things connections has reached 1.6 billion, is expected to exceed 7 billion in 2020, the market size reached 2.5 trillion yuan, the Internet of things has great potential for development.

 

   The industry welcomes opportunities for development: The Internet of Things is an important direction and driving force for the new round of industrial reform, which is of great significance for deepening structural reform on the supply side and promoting industrial transformation and upgrading. The famous economist Song Qinghui stated that as early as in the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, China has made remarkable achievements in the development of policy environment, technology research and development, standards development, industrial cultivation, and industrial application of IoT, and the application and promotion of Internet of Things has entered a substantive stage. The effect is obvious and has become an important force in promoting the economic and social intelligence and sustainable development.

 

   The national "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" outline clearly states that "the development of open-loop applications for the Internet of Things" will be devoted to strengthening research on common protocols and standards and promoting interconnection, resource sharing, and application collaboration among applications in different areas of the Internet of Things.

 

   In fact, the National IoT Application Demonstration Project has been launched in a number of industry sectors. It has provided strong support for the refinement of management in many industries, greatly improved management capabilities and levels, and changed the industry's operating model.

 

   At present, China's Internet of things is widely used in electric power, transportation, industry, medical care, water conservancy, security and other fields, and has formed a relatively complete range of chips and components, equipment, software, system integration, telecommunications operations, and Internet of things services. Perfect industrial chain system. In addition, a preliminary pattern of development in the four regions of the Bohai Rim, the Yangtze River Delta, the Pan-Pearl River Delta, and the central and western regions has been formed in space.

 

   It is forecasted that this year's China's Internet of things industry will develop in the following three aspects: first, to connect more low-band LoRa or high-band 60 GHz wireless technology; second, data collection will be migrated to the cloud, possibly Will no longer rely on structured query language; the third is to use artificial intelligence algorithms to identify someone's speech, while optimizing the machine's operation.

 

   In fact, the Internet of Things industry has received great attention from the government. As early as 2009, the Internet of Things was formally included in one of China's five strategic emerging industries and was included in the government work report. It has received great attention from the entire society, and the "Internet of Things" has repeatedly appeared in the government work report for many years. in. Needless to say, with the continuous advancement of science and technology and the strong support of policies, the Internet of Things industry will usher in tremendous opportunities for development.

 

Suffered shortcomings to be overcome 

   At present, China's Internet of Things has three main characteristics: First, comprehensive awareness is the use of two-dimensional code, sensors and other information to obtain objects anywhere, anytime; Second, reliable transmission, through the integration of various telecommunications networks, the real-time information accurately transmitted objects Outgoing; third is intelligent processing, using various intelligent computing technologies to implement intelligent control of objects.

   Because of the wide application of the Internet of Things, many companies have also accelerated their entry into the Internet of Things. Despite the extensive market, companies are also ambitious. However, there are still many shortcomings in the Internet of Things industry in China that need to be overcome.

   In terms of technology, China's Internet of Things industry covers a wide area and there are many problems. First, despite the formation of their own industrial parks, they are small in scale and low in efficiency; second, low industry concentration and unbalanced distribution of industrial development; third, structural imbalances, lack of overall planning for layout; and fourth, low level of industrial standardization, etc. Compared with developed countries, there is still a certain gap. He said that sensors and radio frequency identification (RFID) technologies lag behind international standards. This is a shortcoming in the development of China's Internet of Things industry. It is mainly due to insufficient innovation of core technologies, lack of standard systems, relatively insufficient scale applications, and difficulties in connecting technologies to the market.
 

The Internet of Things Security System

     In recent years, the scale of China's Internet of Things industry has reached 750 billion yuan, and the interconnection between machines has also exceeded 100 million yuan. China Mobile has established the world's largest Internet of Things system and serves more than 91 million users.

     Under a huge scale, China's Internet of Things system also has certain security issues, and it has increasingly attracted attention. IoT security is an extension of Internet security. Compared with Internet security, the Internet of Things (IoT) exhibits different features in the protection of the perception layer, transport layer, and application layer. The "three characteristics" of IoT security bring about The "three major problems" - more extensive leaks, more difficult protection, and more serious damage.

     

     Suggestions: First, strengthen the top-level design and standard formulation, and improve the Internet of Things security system. It is recommended that the National Internet Information Office and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology jointly issue IoT security guidance to clarify that network and information security must be simultaneously planned, synchronized, and run synchronously; the development of IoT commonality and key security technical standards must be strengthened to promote IoT community standards. Pilots; establish a security-based early warning and management mechanism for government-led, third-party testing organizations to participate in, and conduct security risk assessments on a regular basis. The second is to encourage independent research and development and entrepreneurial innovation to accelerate the development of the Internet of Things security industry. Further increase the independent R&D and investment in key technologies of IntelliSense, wireless interconnection, data processing, intelligent analysis and other Internet of Things; encourage exchanges and cooperation between information security companies and domestic and foreign academia and research institutions; and strengthen entrepreneurial innovation in the Internet of Things security industry Institutional supply will accelerate the pace of the clustering of the Internet of Things security industry. The third is to protect homeland security and privacy information and build a defense line for the Internet of Things. It is necessary to strengthen the security protection of the Internet of Things infrastructure from the height of anti-terrorism and further strengthen the privacy protection of the Internet of Things.
 

Application Innovation is the Core of the Development of Internet of Things

 

     The Internet of Things is a big concept. Generally, it is the intelligence of all walks of life. Judging from the prospects and trends in the future, domestic financial institutions, especially banks, have a connection with the Internet of Things. I think that with the continuous development and advancement of the Internet of Things in China, the combination of the Internet of Things and finance will surely become closer.

     The large-scale use of IoT technology by the domestic banking industry has not yet begun. Specifically, there may be some applications in one aspect. For example, the use of IoT finance to solve the problem of repurchase of movable property financing is a successful case. As far as I know, currently domestic banks have achieved supervision over movable parts without omissions through IoT technology, which greatly reduces the risk of chattel mortgages. This kind of management of collateral based on the Internet of Things is completely achievable.

     In general, the essential feature of the Internet of Things is the expansion of the Internet's applications. It is not so much the Internet of Things as the Internet. It is better to say that the Internet of Things is the business and application. Therefore, application innovation is the core of the development of the Internet of Things. In today's era of rapid technological development, mobile Internet, big data, cloud computing, Internet of things, blockchain, etc., will have an impact on the financial industry, and many domestic financial industries are using the above science and technology. Domestic banking institutions should first adapt to the development of these technologies. Second, they must learn to make better use of these technologies, and ultimately rely on these advanced technologies to launch better financial services and innovate better financial products.


 Related policy
   On March 17, 2016, the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” outline was released, clearly proposing “Implementing Open Loop Applications for the Internet of Things”, striving to strengthen research on common protocols and standards, and promoting interconnection and interoperability between applications in different areas of the Internet of Things. Resource sharing and application collaboration. On September 21st of the same year, the “Special Action for Innovation and Development of Intelligent Hardware Industry (2016-2018)” jointly formulated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the National Development and Reform Commission issued and clearly stated: By 2018, the low-power lightweight system design and low power consumption Wide-area intelligent IOT, virtual reality, intelligent human-computer interaction, high-performance sports and attitude control and other key technical links have achieved significant breakthroughs. In addition, in the aspect of low-power wide-area intelligent IoT technology, we propose to create an open and collaborative intelligent IoT innovation chain.  On January 17, 2017, the "Information and Communication Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)" formulated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology was formally released. The "IoT Sub-branch" was also printed and issued. It states that the "13th Five-Year Plan" period is a new economic development. Under the normal conditions of innovation-driven development and the formation of new momentum for development, we must firmly grasp the strategic opportunity for a new round of ecological distribution of the Internet of Things, vigorously develop the Internet of Things technologies and applications, accelerate the building of an internationally competitive industrial system, and deepen The integration of economic and social development supports the construction of a powerful manufacturing country and an internet powerhouse.